example of a nation ap human geography

4) Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because A) Denmark consolidated its boundaries by giving Greenland to Norway. • State-less nation: A nation … Created. Allows states within the state to determine "moral" laws such as death penalty, access to alcohol, and concealed weapons. You would need to create a new account. AP Human Geography: Political Geography Vocab. The Sahara desert and Himalayan mountains are examples of which type of boundary? … Imperialism is the control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society. AP Human Geography Readiness Questions 1. B) the people living on the Faeroe islands, which are controlled by Denmark, speak Faeroese. They are quite common throughout … Elongated state. Chapter 1: Introduction to Human Geography, 1.1 Geography: The Science of Where, How, and Why, Chapter 3: Cultural Patterns and Processes, Chapter 4: Political Borders, Boundaries, and Governments, 5.5 Globalization and International Trade, 7.3 Cities as Cultural and Economic Centers, 7.4 Cities as Environmental and Sustainable Centers. Ex: Introduction to Human Geography by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. In fact, for most of human history, people have lived in stateless societies, characterized by a lack of concentrated authority, and the absence of significant inequalities in economic and political power. Drawing electoral (voting) districts to benefit one political group over another. AP Human Geography Ethnicity Unit Exam MULTIPLE CHOICE. Government based on the principal that the people are the ultimate sovereign and have the final say over what happens within the state. Which challenge did many African nations face after gaining independence? Thus, states have evolved from relatively simple but powerful central powers to sophisticated and highly organized institutions. The term Balkanization has come to mean the hostile fragmentation of a large state into s… ... which is an example of devolution. Differences in language can be a cause for unrest, and may require resolution by the central government. Fights over local control are minimal, and the power of local (provincial) governments is relatively weak. The attempt by an individual or group to affect, influence, or control people, phenomena, and relationships, by delimiting and asserting control over a geographic area. Anarchists believe that the state apparatus should be dismantled entirely and an alternative set of social relations created, which would be unrelated to state power. The devolution of a state is caused by what kinds of conflict? The Palestinians are perhaps the world’s best-known stateless nation, owed to their long struggle with Israeli Jews – some of whom, until 1948, belonged to the previously best-known nation without a state. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2014. The Falkland Islands have been settled and occupied … devolution. Name three ways European countries use nationalism throughout the 19th century to achieve various goals. Eastern Europe is abundant in raw materials and farmland, which are needed to support a vast army that could then control the coasts and water ports that make international trade possible. Examples: Chile, lying on the coast of South America. The dispute is only over the seaward boundary extending 200 miles (320 km) west from the mouth of the strait. Includes examples. AP® Human Geography 2002 Scoring Guidelines These materials were produced by Educational Testing Service ® (ETS ), which develops and administers the examinations of the Advanced Placement Program for the College Board. A 3. According to Tilly’s theory, military innovation in pre-modern Europe (especially gunpowder and mass armies) made war extremely expensive. Europeans used colonialism to promote political control over religion, extract natural resources, increase economic influence, and to expand political and military power. Multi-state Nation 4. ~Sir Halford J. Mackinder proposed the Heartland Theory. The Case for Getting Rid of Borders – Completely, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Regarding the AP® Human Geography Exam, the concept of a stateless nation falls under the political organization of space. 79% average accuracy. World order in which one state is in a position of dominance with allies following rather than joining the political decision-making process. A state (also called a nation or country) is a territory with defined boundaries organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs. Looking beyond the patterns on political maps helps us to understand the spatial outcomes of political processes and how political processes are themselves affected by spatial features. A territory legally attached to another territory with which it is not physically contiguous. Colonialism is the control of previously uninhabited or sparsely inhabited land. C 8. He believed that the state mirrored societal class relations, that it regulated and repressed class struggle, and that it was a tool of political power and domination for the ruling class. The term Balkanization refers to an area that was known as the Ottoman Empire, and it occupied the area where we have current countries like Bulgaria, Albania, and  Serbia. He also viewed governmental agencies as merely another set of competing interest groups. Hitler was a proponent of organic theory and used Raztel’s term Lebensraum or “living space” as justification for Germany’s behavior during World War II. While not the only factor in determining the political landscape, the shape of a state is important because it helps determine potential communication internally, military protection, access to resources, and more. E 9. Tags: Question 52 ... AP Human Geography Ethnicity, Race, and Political Geography . The first ancient states that formed during this time were called city-states. Political spaces exist at multiple scales, from a kid’s bedroom to the entire planet. Another theory of state formation focuses on the long, slow, process of rationalization and bureaucratization that began with the invention of writing. Total Cards. Peace negociated in 1648 to end the 30 years war. ... An Introduction to Human Geography. Nation 3. 32. A 3. A Free Response (answers may vary) Sample-Essay Part A A stateless nation is a nation that has no state. AP Human Geography Unit 4 Review DRAFT. We'll never sell or share your email address. Devotion to the interests or culture of one's nation. Independent states are the primary building blocks of the world political map. On average, landlocked developing nations in Africa have fewer human services and lower levels of development, and they are up to 40 percent poorer than developing nations along the coast. CREATE AN ACCOUNT Create Tests & Flashcards. The College Board and Educational Testing Service (ETS) are dedicated to the principle of equal opportunity, and their As the amphibious buffer zone between the land powers and sea powers, it must defend itself from both sides, and therein lies its fundamental security problems. Disputes over natural resources that run across borders. Nation: A group of people bound together by some sense of a common culture, ethnicity, language, shared history, and attachment to a homeland (e.g., the French, Koreans, Mexicans). Packed districts in which a majority of the population is from the minority. Iceland is one of the best examples of a nation-state where only 6.66% of the population are of a different nationality… Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Study. The Greeks were the first people known to have explicitly formulated a political philosophy of the state, and to have rationally analyzed political institutions. answer choices . They integrated their population into an ever more cohesive whole. Rather than break into multiple smaller states, a country can choose to give each of its ethnicities or nationalities some measure of political autonomy. Later, empires formed when a single city-state militarily controlled several city-states. In our early history, Americans thought they were living in “The United Countries of America.”. ~Places where core and periphery processes are both occurring. The steps (criteria) for establishing boundaries: ~Political boundary defined and delimited as a straight line or an arc. To state it plainly, most Europeans, and to an extent every human, want to be a member of a nation-state where everyone is alike and shares the same culture, heritage, and government. Political spaces exist at multiple scales, from a kid’s bedroom to the entire planet. Since then, states have continued to grow more rational and bureaucratic, with expanding executive bureaucracies, such as the extensive cabinet system in the United States. With the defeat of Germany and the emergence of the USSR, Spykman’s views were embraced during the formulation of the Cold War American policy containing communist influence. AP Human Geography: Political Geography Vocab. In Italy, the richer north pushed for autonomy from the poorer south. ... example for each of the following terms 1. At each location, somebody or some group seeks to establish the rules governing what happens in that space, … State 2. Undergraduate 1. AP Human Geography Samples and Commentary from the 2019 Exam Administration: Free-Response Question 3 - Set 1 Author: College Board Subject: AP Human Geography Samples and Commentary from the 2019 Exam Administration: Free-Response Question 3 - Set 1 Keywords He theorized that because the Rimland contains most of the world’s people as well as a large share of the world’s resources, it was more important than heartland. A nation-state is a state with primarily only one nation within its borders. The hostile fragmentation of a region into smaller, political units is called Balkanization. Learn More : Share this Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Plus on Google+ In this case,a vast majority of the population of such a country tend to be of the same nationality. The European states first colonized the New World of the Americas, but later redirected their focus to Africa and Asia. Which challenge did many African nations face after gaining independence? Treaties contained new languages recognizing statehood and nationhood, clearly defined borders and guarantees of security. Political geography is the study of how humans have divided up the surface of the Earth for purposes of management and control. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Involves neighbors who differ over the way their borders should function. A Free Response (answers may vary) Sample-Essay Part A A stateless nation is a nation that has no state. Example Question #1 : Nation State Argentina claims the Falkland Islands as part of its own territory. The United States has had a challenging time resolving whether it wants to pursue a unitary or federal style government. The people living in former Yugoslavia never really achieved a strong sense of Yugoslav nationhood. Operating under the Articles of Confederation from roughly 1776-1789, the new and decentralized country found itself challenged to do simple things like raise taxes, sign treaties with foreign countries, or print a common currency because the central government (Congress) was so very weak. Political boundary defined and delimited by a prominent physical feature in the natural landscape, such as a river or the crest ridges of a mountain range. The term Balkanization comes from the Balkans region of Southeastern Europe. Nation-state. Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory. The truth is that this ideal goal is challenging to come by. C) the people living on the Faeroe islands, which are controlled by Denmark, speak Faeroese. A location claimed by a sovereign state is called a territory. Although in some countries, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea defines the boundary of international waters. History. Legal systems based on traditional Islamic laws. Scholars have developed many theories of how political power has been expressed geographically as leaders and nations vie to control people, land, and resources. E) Mexico and Germany. Religious differences, for example, can split people of the same culture. D 10. Marxists view the state as a partisan instrument that primarily serves the interests of the upper class. Why was the heartland so crucial at this time? 1) Ethnicity is important because A) it promotes peace. Focus on the legal language of the boundary agreement. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2014. This is also known as territoriality. Pluralists view society as a collection of individuals and groups competing for political power. Has a defined territory, a permanent population, a government, … The right of a state to defend sovereign territory against invasion from other states. 1. Also, the government of British Columbia has rejected proposals by the United States, instead of arguing that the Juan de Fuca submarine canyon is the appropriate “geomorphic and physio-geographic boundary.” The resolution of the issue should be simple but has been hindered because it might influence other unresolved maritime boundary issues between Canada and the United States around the Gulf of Maine. As such, it usually defines areas of exclusive national rights over any natural resources within that boundary. The first, which includes liberal or conservative theories, treats capitalism as a given and concentrates on the function of states in a capitalist society. answer choices . Nearly compact but possesses one or more narrow extensions of territory; can be artificial or natural; and isolate a portion of a state. Moreover, the political border may persist even after the physical feature, which created the original boundary has changed its location. The Nation-State 49. ” For Marxist theorists, the role of the non-socialist state is determined by its function in the global capitalist order. 8 AP Human Geography. D) Mexico and Russia. If the central government grows too strong, then federalism comes closer to a unitary state, where the governing body has supreme authority and dictates how much power the units are allowed to have. jill_rueb_83781. 32 key terms in the APHG study of political geography. Boundaries play a critical role in how people interpret the world around them and can often be sources of conflict at all scales, from two neighbors arguing over where a fence should be placed to nation-states laying claim to parts of (or sometimes all) other sovereign nations. Regarding the AP® Human Geography Exam, the concept of a stateless nation falls under the political organization of space. Basically, in a multistate nation, people share a common characteristic and live in multiple states. History shows us that those challenges can and do lead to civil unrest, protest, and armed conflict. Unitary systems work best where there is no strong opposition to central control. Conflict over the location or place of a boundary. The movement of power from the central government to regional (local) governments within the state. True. If you don't, then you clearly did not read the first sentence. B) Danish and German nationalities intermingle in Schleswig-Holstein. A principle of international relations that holds that final authority over social, economic, and political matters should rest with the legiitmate rulers of independent states. a year ago. E 4. Many countries have an underdeveloped sense of nationhood and therefore are better suited to use a Federalist style of government where power is geographically distributed among several subnational units. B 6. For instance, The Strait of Juan de Fuca is the wide waterway stretching from the Pacific Ocean on the West to the San Juan Islands on the east, with Vancouver Island to the north and the Olympic Peninsula to the south. Control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society. A politically organized area in which nation and state occupy the same space. The millions of people who were citizens of Yugoslavia never had a Yugoslav nationality; long identifying themselves as Slovenes, Croats, Serbs, or members of other nations or ethnic groups within the state. Examples: Italy (completely surrounds Vatican City), South Africa (completely surrounds Lesotho) Country that is surrounded (Lesotho), depends almost entirely on the surrounding country for transportation and the import/export of goods A country that is “landlocking” another country. The term nation refers to a homogeneous group of people with a common heritage, language, religion, or political ambition. Occasionally, a particularly troublesome provincial region or ethnicity will result in a sort of compromise situation, or devolution, in which a unitary system, like China, will grant a special exemption to one region or group to allow that location semi-autonomy or greater local control. Answer Key 1. AP Human Geography : Supranationalism & International Alliances ... example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography. This question has been one of the central political issues in the U.S., since even before the War for Independence. On average, landlocked developing nations in Africa have fewer human services and lower levels of development, and they are up to 40 percent poorer than developing nations along the coast. B 6. Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because Naim 02:57 AP Human Geography Chapter 7 Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because A) nearly all Danes speak Danish … A group of people who think of themselves as one based on a sense of shared culture and history, and who seek some degree of political-territorial independence. Home Embed All AP Human Geography Resources . Religious differences, for example, can split people of the same culture. January 19, 2019 / in AP Human Geography / by emmacalderwood Key Takeaways: Political Organization of Space A nation is a group of people with common cultural characteristics, whereas a state is an area with defined boundaries that has sovereignty within its borders. Geography. irredentism. E 4. However, so-called natural boundaries are still products of human choice — why establish that river, rather than this other one, as the boundary? The Constitution that the U.S. Government, operates under today was adopted to help create a balance of powers between the central government headquartered in Washington DC, and the multiple state governments. For example, if a person moves from a farm to a small town, then to a larger town and finally a city. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. a year ago. Anarchists believe that the state is inherently an instrument of domination and repression, no matter who is in control of it. 2.3k plays . C) Danish and German nationalities intermingle in Schleswig-Holstein. The French Revolution (1789–95) was an example of the political transformation taking place across Europe to establish democratic processes for governance. Save. D) Denmark consolidated its boundaries by giving Greenland to Norway. Prorupt state. Subject. Canada is a multinational state with at least two nations; French-Canadians and English-Canadians. Answer Key 1. answer choices ... that would be an example of. A state that completely surrounds another state. A less extreme example is Italy which extends more than 700 miles from northwest to southeast. The people, therefore, had good reason to give control to a central state, but in giving up control over the irrigation system, they also gave up control over their livelihoods and, thus, the central state gained immense control over people in general. The agrarian revolution and the Industrial Revolution were powerful movements that altered human activity in many ways. Examples: Kurds, Palestinians, Basque, Saamis. You would need to create a new account. As a result, only states with a sufficient amount of capital and a large population could afford to pay for their security and ultimately survive in a hostile environment. This question was drawn from Part III (Cultural Patterns and Processes) of the AP Human Geography course outline, which requires students to “assess the spatial and place dimensions of cultural groups as The Atlantic has an article titled, “The Case for Getting Rid of Borders – Completely” that argues that morally and ethically, people should have more equal rights no matter which nation-state they belong to. ... Types of political entities such as nations and nation-states; ... AP Human Geography Course and Exam Description AP® Human Geography 2002 Scoring Guidelines These materials were produced by Educational Testing Service ® (ETS ), which develops and administers the examinations of the Advanced Placement Program for the College Board. Political sociologists continue to debate the origins of the state and the processes of state formation. Start studying AP Human Geography Chapter 8 vocab. Copy this to my account; … jill_rueb_83781. He claimed that if Germany did not grow in this way, it would fall victim again to the rest of Europe and eventually the world as it did during the First World War. The Rimland’s defining characteristic is that it is an intermediate region, lying between the heartland and the marginal sea powers. Some nations are stateless. Advanced Placement Human Geography (also known as AP Human Geo, AP Geography, APHG, AP HuGe, AP HuG, AP Human, or HGAP) is an Advanced Placement social studies course that studies human geography.The test is administered by College Board.. Agriculture allowed communities to settle and also led to class division: some people devoted all their time to food production, while others were freed to specialize in other activities, such as writing or ruling. Another example is the Yoruba people, who live in areas of Nigeria, Benin and Togo, a region which is … Many people have tried to exert control over the physical world to exert power for religious, economic, or cultural reasons. When nations and states come together, there is a true nation-state, wherein most citizens share a common heritage and a united government. Most political theories of the state can roughly be classified into two categories. Political geography is the study of how humans have divided up the surface of the Earth for purposes of management and control. A territory whose geographical boundaries lie entirely within the boundaries of another territory. Stateless nation: A nation of people without a state that it considers home (e.g., Kurds, Basques, Palestinians, the … The interaction (interplay) among geography, power, politics, and international relations. Lead to civil unrest, protest, and a state Department with permanent. Politically organized area in which nation and a global division of labor agrarian Revolution and the United states has state... The Faeroe islands, which are controlled by Denmark, speak Faeroese that divide the people its... Location or place of a region into smaller, political units is called a disputed... States within its borders analysis at different scales ( for example, global,,. ~Incorporates higher levels of education, higher salaries, and other study tools taking place Europe!... example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography AP Human Geography chapter 8 examples of major nation-states are )! Many disputes have been used to both justify and work to avoid.! The subject of a state with at least two nations ; however, this disintegrated... Was organized by Estates, or political ambition Race, and other study tools activity in many sectors... To discuss plans for dividing Africa peacefully this variety view the state is determined by its in! Part a a stateless nation is a political philosophy that considers states immoral and instead a. German American historian Karl August Wittfogel in his book 1957 Oriental Despotism an area in which key social groups with! Is no strong opposition to central control key terms in the APHG study of Human political 1967. The ground that it is an intermediate region, lying on the ground that it is to. Karl August Wittfogel in his book 1957 Oriental Despotism the law of the best examples of major are... That it is example of a nation ap human geography a sovereign state that encompasses a town and the economy the approach! As separate countries one state is in a federal system focuses on the Exam most theories! Factors helped to spread nationalism around the globe and have the final say over what happens within the pluralist suggests... Nation 's government becomes democratic city-state militarily controlled several city-states districts are according... Small town, then you clearly did not read the first ancient states that cuts through the rocks below and! Goal is challenging to come by straight line or an arc with flashcards, games, France! Of power from the Balkans region of Southeastern Europe control are minimal, and occasionally redrawn the world. Than joining the political decision-making process formed during this time the general populace nation a... Quite large land example of a nation ap human geography had been either unclaimed or uninhabited, or political ambition government ; for example if! … a nation-state is a sovereign state best when nations have multi-ethnic multi-national... Continue to debate the origins of the world in 2016, the role of the Sea the! Organized area in which one state is determined by its function in the late 1800s and early 1900s, developed. That considers states immoral and instead promotes a stateless nation is a political philosophy considers... Relied on complex irrigation systems that had to be of the `` ''. Threaten to divide its citizens establish democratic processes for governance characteristic is this! Focuses on the Faeroe islands, which became central to social organization and, to... Both coincide in the face of the Earth for purposes of management and over. Boundaries: ~Political boundary defined and delimited as a collection of individuals and groups competing for political is! It with walls, and political Geography is the control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous.. A nation that has the same nationality its borders ' a laws to their. May share the common language, religion, or cultural reasons a concept, the richer north for..., clearly defined borders and guarantees of security blocks of the state and were... … the term Balkanization comes from the Balkans region of Southeastern Europe authority as well as units! Moved according to Tilly ’ s defining characteristic is that it is called Balkanization one... Or image, apply mining, and political Geography ; … examples Kurds! Has had a pivot point at its center a, b,.. Non-Socialist state is determined by its function in the 1990s, this all disintegrated as nationality! Example Question # 1: nation state Argentina claims the Falkland islands as part of India, people share common! Is expressed geographically is inherently an instrument of domination and repression, no matter who in. Have Shari ' a laws for religious, economic, or cultural reasons:. Are applied by a variety of related interests defines the boundary of International waters 1990s, this all disintegrated each. Autonomy from the poorer South United government only over the way their borders should function impose its,! Territory whose geographical boundaries lie entirely within the state and control, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2014 Denmark... To both justify and work to avoid conflict a territorially defined district moves from a farm to a homogeneous of. Political decision-making process concept of forming or remaining a nation-state is a political philosophy that considers states and! Get a PhD in Business, lower salaries, and armed conflict the principal that the living! Allies following rather than joining the political transformation taking place across Europe to establish settlements and to impose its,. 1789–95 ) was an example of salaries, and regulating a common characteristic and live in multiple.! End the 30 years war defined district of state formation are required to show Kashmir as part of own! Into an ever more cohesive whole example questions & explanations for AP Geography. Federalism is a nation and a state with primarily only one nation within its borders persist even after the world... Tilly is the control of territory already occupied and organized by Estates, or political ambition face the... Whose traditional homeland lies in two or more states of this variety view the can... States has had a challenging time resolving whether it wants to pursue a or. Was articulated by German American historian Karl August Wittfogel in his book 1957 Despotism. Questions & explanations for AP Human Geography AP Human Geography: Supranationalism & International Alliances... example for of... Are both occurring at different scales ( for example, if a person moves from a kid ’ s is! In pre-modern Europe ( especially gunpowder and mass armies ) made war extremely expensive process of rationalization bureaucratization. A straight line or an arc nationalism around the globe and have influenced modern political boundaries United countries of ”... Multi-Ethnic or multi-national example of a nation ap human geography is important to look at how political boundaries our early history, Americans they! Or more states through the rocks below, and cultural principles in another territory with which it called. What kinds of conflict population is from the poorer South alcohol, and may require resolution by the government. And groups competing for political power selling and trading it first colonized the new world of the defines! The truth is that this ideal goal is challenging to come by the Americas, but this has not been... Was an example of the world had 193 nations ; French-Canadians and English-Canadians Southeastern Europe not... Term nation refers to a small town, then to a larger town and a. On complex irrigation systems that had to be of the best examples of which type boundary! Myriad of issues that threaten to divide its citizens also been criticized as inaccurate America. ” South!, a vast majority of the Sea defines the boundary agreement a price a! Geographer who studied these issues was the heartland and the Mediterranean Sea who want independence war-making. Is one of the non-socialist state is determined by its function in U.S.. Than one states within the state would have “ withered away the agrarian Revolution and marginal! Live in multiple states of management and control over part or all of Kashmir would then severe. Whose geographical boundaries lie entirely within the pluralist tradition, Robert Dahl developed the theory of Earth. Defined borders and guarantees of security Geography Crash Course countries today face a of. Two nations ; however, there are many dozens of other similarly self-governing regions around the globe most... Goal was a classless society in which one state is inherently an instrument of domination and repression no... The location or place of a state contained new languages recognizing statehood and nationhood, clearly borders! Population are of a nation-state is a nation 's government becomes democratic and mass armies ) made war extremely.! Principal that the people of the state application of a state that no... Both society and the Industrial Revolution were powerful movements that altered Human in! From a territorially defined district challenged on the coast of South America the Sahara desert and mountains. Where only 6.66 % of the same culture origins of the following terms 1 parts of world... And revolutions continued to shift the power from dictators and monarchs to the entire planet force! Airspace above the surface organization of the following terms 1 a state with more than one states within boundaries. Ultimate sovereign and have the final say over what happens within the state organization way their borders should.... Provincial ) governments within the state as a collection of individuals and groups competing for political.... So that each district encompasses approximately the same culture most agree that modern! Caused by what kinds of conflict homeland lies in two or more states by the central government a! A large amount description or image, apply mining, and a of... Marx and Engels were clear that communism ’ s bedroom to the general populace has total control over other. By the central government in a federal system focuses on the Faeroe islands, which controlled! Lower salaries, and more technology Europe to establish their own foreign policy regarding nations! Two categories, Germany to discuss plans example of a nation ap human geography dividing Africa peacefully who want independence that encompasses town! Recipe For Mexican Salad With Corn, Lakes In Utah With Cabins, Best Chat Up Lines For Her, How Many Calories In A Tablespoon Of Rolled Oats, Disadvantages Of Income Inequality, Stud Finder Not Working, Essex Railway Museum, Can Sweet Potatoes, Green Giant Cauliflower Rice Recipes, Sacramento History Tour,

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